DMI contributes to a range of comprehensive international assessments, such as:
- IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis
- Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA) 2011, Arctic Monitoring and Assessment; Programme (AMAP)
- WMO/UNEP Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion 2010
- Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) 2005
- Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic (AACA) , Arctic Monitoring and Assessment; Programme (AMAP)
The purpose of the assessment reports is in general to provide a thorough assessment of published literature on a particular topic rather than conducting research or monitoring. Some are based on a single call from an organization, such as the Arctic Council. Others are made at regular intervals, such as the Ozone Assessments and the IPCC Assessment Reports. Content and scope of assessment reports are typically defined by an international body, which then calls for author nominations and establishes an author team and a review process.
ABC4CDE: Assuring Best practiCes for Climate model Data Evaluation
Project aims: There are four core requirements for climate data provision: integrity, transparency, humility (in the sense of not presenting information as more than it is, nor less than it is), and collaboration; A well-designed framework for metadata and data structure helps approaching these goals. Data should be transparently obtainable and visible and the degree of quality indicated. Thus, the evaluation and quality control (EQC) framework aiming to fulfill this goal is essential for both the scientific and public audience. ABC4CDE targets assessments of user requirements, science and gaps in climate model data delivery concerning CMIP and Euro-CORDEX data. It focuses strongly on user requirements, data inventory and scientific assessment and gap analysis to formulate user-friendly and fit-for-purpose indicators, tools and services to be recommended for the C3S EQC framework.
DMI’s role: DMI will contribute to all aspects of the project. The main efforts are within the tasks associated with the scientific assessment and gap analysis. Here a particular focus is on defining basic tests of the suitability of impacts methods and models, a review of different approaches will be performed and emerging commonalities and recommendations will be extracted as an integral part of the EQC.
Funding: Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S); ECMWF
Period: Aug. 1 2016 – October 31, 2018.
Collaborators: The ABC4CDE team consists of 8 partners, led by the Finnish Meteorological Institute.
CRES: The Centre for Regional Change in the Earth System (link: english (external))
Project aims: Adaptation to climate change requires whenever possible, understanding and quantification of how human activities and natural processes affect human and natural systems. The CRES mission is to establish a coordinated research effort of high relevance to societal preparedness for climate change and to enhance Denmark’s contribution to international climate change research.
DMI’s role: CRES is led from DMI by DKC and contributes with further development of and climate simulations performed by the regional climate model HIRHAM5 to the CRES group.
Funding: Danish Council of Strategic Research
Period: Oct 2009 – Feb 2015
Collaborators: Danish Meteorological Institute, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Aarhus University, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, The Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, National Environmental Institute, Aarhus University, DTU Climate Centre, Technical University of Denmark, Danish Hydraulic Institute, Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Local Government Denmark, The Danish Water and Waste Water Association, The Danish Insurance Association, Knowledge Centre for Agriculture, The Danish Agricultural Advisory Services
Data base for climate adaptation needs in Greenland
Project aims: The data base will consist of climate scenarios for Greenland, exemplified by a series of basic climate indices presented for the non-ice covered land area and coastal areas of Greenland. A catalogue presenting the likely change at near term, mid-century and by the end of the 21st century will be constructed and presented on a web-site. The data will be extracted and presented in a report alongside various assessments of the likely uncertainty ranges.
DMI's role: DMI will carry out HIRHAM climate scenarios using HIRHAM at 5 km resolution and produce a report documenting these in a format useful for decision making in Greenland, including those by the Self Government. The results will be presented on a workshop organized together with the Self Government at Katuaq in Nuuk in November 2015.
Funding: DANCEA / Danish Energy Agency and VEK / Greenland Ministry of Nature, Environment and Justice
Period: Jan 1, 2015 – Dec 31, 2015
Collaborators: Government of Greenland, Ministry of Nature, Environment and Justice; Asiaq
GREENICE: Impacts of Sea-Ice and Snow-Cover Changes on Climate, Green Growth and Society (Link: english (external))
Project aims: The main goal of GREENICE is to reduce uncertainties in the interaction among climate, society, and the cryosphere over the next decades, focusing on understanding how climate will respond to future changes in sea ice and snow cover. By means of a thorough analysis of observations and coordinated experiments with global and regional atmospheric models, GREENICE will improve the understanding of the atmospheric response to sea-ice and snow-cover changes and our ability to predict both anthropogenic and naturally-driven changes on 10-30 year timescales.
DMI’s role: DMI’s contribution to the project is investigate and modelling the response of the atmospheric circulation to changes in sea ice and snow covers using global climate model EC-EARTH.
SVALI: The Stability and Variations of Arctic Land Ice (Link: english (external))
Project aims: SVALI is a multidisciplinary and cross-national science collaboration that aims to improve understanding of the stability and dynamics of the cryosphere, and the implementation of new and improved process formulations that have not been adequately addressed in current Earth System Models (ESM) before, by integration of observations, process studies and modelling.
DMI’s role: DMI will contribute to the project with better representation of the surface mass balance of Greenland ice sheets and better simulation of the ice sheet changes in future, using global and regional ESMs (i.e., EC-EARTH and HIRHAM) and their coupled system with the Greenland ice sheet model (PISM).
Funding: Nordic Top-level Research Initiative (TRI)
Period: Sept. 1 2010 – Aug. 31, 2015.
Collaborators: SVALI team consists of 18 research groups from all Nordic countries, led by the Department of geosciences, University of Oslo.